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suffer a stroke or suffer from a stroke?  

2016-10-07 19:57:59|  分类: 英语知识 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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According to Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

(http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/suffer), the word suffer [intransitive or transitive] means experience physical or mental pain.

At least he died suddenly and did not suffer.

She is suffering a lot of pain.

suffer from means have a particular disease or bad condition, especially for a long time.

Craig suffers from a rare bone disease.

The writer suffered from ill health for most of his life.

 

From the COCA (Corpus of Contemporary American English)(http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/), I get

44404 example sentences of the word suffer. 2404 sentences containing suffer + noun are available and the majority of the nouns are loss(112), damage(84), injury(81), setback(43), pain(39), discrimination(38), abuse(36) and depression(25).

Berardino suffered losses

We all suffered damage from the embezzlement. 

It is likely that he was struck in battle and suffered injuries to the left side of his body.

He suffered abuse from most of his fellow soldiers because he was a Jew.

Supporters of requiring photo identification for voters suffered setbacks in two more states today. 

Naturally we will suffer pain.

 

320 concordance lines containing suffer + stroke are obtained from the corpus.

She suffered a stroke at work, and the doctors discovered a tumor growing on her brainstem.

The app was created to help hospitals accelerate care for patients who have suffered strokes, heart attacks or major trauma. 

 

I enter [suffer] from [nn*] into the corpus, and it displays 3255 results. The right collocates are depression(242), dementia(58), asthma(57), diabetes(49), cancer(48), AIDS(43), allergy(38) and pneumonia(27).

She didn't suffer from depression, she suffered from agony. 

Surely the woman wasn't sufferingfrom dementia

Twenty-two million Americans suffer from asthma.

The Koch Brothers are willing to do anything, even exploit Americans suffering from cancer

Do you suffer from allergies?  Do you often feel fatigued? 

Palmer had been suffering from pneumonia, the Chicago Defender reported. 

 

Only nine examples containing suffer from stroke are found in the corpus.

And they did an MRI test after the baby was born, six weeks premature, and had determined at that time that she may have suffered from a stroke.

People of African-Caribbean descent are more likely to suffer from stroke compared with the general population. 

 

The corpus evidence supports the statements of the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English: the word suffer is always followed by words like pain, setback and damage while suffer from invariably collocates with a disease such as cancer, diabetes and asthma. However, every rule has its exceptions. We cannot say that suffer from stroke is unacceptable. suffer stroke is generally preferable.

 

The following sentences illustrate that suffer from does mean have a particular disease or bad condition, especially for a long time.

She would suffer from bulimia for a few weeks and then be fine for perhaps six or seven months;

In one recent study at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, adults aged nineteen to forty-three who'd suffered from backaches for an average of four years learned to reduce the pain through self-hypnosis by as much as 90 percent. 

Mr. Garcia had suffered from dementia for several years and was cared for at home with help from relatives. 

Lara is 22 yrs old and has suffered from allergies since she was a child. 



140 examples from the corpus, which are used in the present perfect progressive or past perfect progressive, echo the view mentioned above.

You have every right to be angry, but what you've been suffering from is depression.

The patient has been suffering from extreme sluggishness, enormous stress, and at times it's appeared headed for a breakdown. 

Holcomb had been suffering from a degenerative eye disease known as keratoconus. 

 

Do the Britons also prefer suffer stroke to suffer from stroke?

From the BNC (British National Corpus) (http://corpus.byu.edu/bnc/), 43 example sentences containing suffer stroke are found whilst concordance lines with suffer from stroke are unavailable. I have every reason to believe that suffer stroke is way more commonly used than suffer from stroke .

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