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趣味大学英语

 
 
 

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通过语料库学习英语语法  

2009-03-05 19:58:38|  分类: 语料库 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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英语语料库:http://www.americancorpus.org/    http://corpus.byu.edu/time/x.asp

                     http://corpus.byu.edu/bnc/

pos词类: http://ucrel.lancs.ac.uk/claws7tags.html 

 

想找不规则复数名词,输入 -*s.[*nn2*]

children men women police  feet  teeth criteria......

 

想找以a开头的形容词,在“WORD(S)”中输入“a*.[jj]”

alone afraid able adverse

 

“make sure that”后面的宾语从句谓语动词的时态

to make sure that that legacy continues.

So if you want to make sure that the votes cast in your precinct count

If adults are staying for the festivities, make sure that there is extra seating for them.

So if you undergo digital mammography, make sure that the results are read by a radiologist

 

Yeah, we made sure that the patients we - the subjects we studied had no problems with hearing

made sure that I didn't have any metal on me,

She made sure that she gave this letter to the next door neighbor.

he used the drug in his practice, and made sure that it was legally bought.

结论:一般时,不用将来时

可以说“for there to do”吗?在“WORD(S)”中输入“for there to [vvi]”或者“for there to be”

For there to emerge a unified " Dalit discourse " that truly challenged existing epistemological frameworks, there needed to be a conceptual vocabulary that addressed these various other ramifications of caste-realities within India, and that was easily translatable into discourses that enabled a transcendence of the local, even the national.

It then becomes possible for there to arise a circumstance in which a death sentence could prove to be legitimate in principle but repulsive in practice. In such a situation one would have to recognize the crude limitations of authority yet reluctantly concede its ultimate legitimacy.

At some point in order for there to be resolution to the insurgency in Afghanistan

 Well, I can not imagine that anyone truly expects for there to be a long-term presence of United States forces in Iraq.

It seems to be common practice in this day for there to be litigation on most every major medical " issue, Rhyne said.

 

结论:可以

 

"whereabouts"(下落)是单数还是复数?

在“WORD(S)”分别中输入“whereabouts are”和“whereabouts is”

找到47个含有“whereabouts are”的例句

Mr. Rangel's whereabouts are irrelevant in the eyes of the law.

Their whereabouts are no mystery.

 I know this much: as time goes on, their whereabouts are only getting less and less clear.

找到14个含有“whereabouts is”的例句

Its whereabouts is unknown today.

The United Nations used it only a few months, and even its whereabouts is known to few now alive.

结论:whereabouts是复数

 

感叹句可以用倒装语序吗? 在“WORD(S)”中输入“how [jj]  is * *  !”

How grievous is their sin !

how great is the darkness !

How futile is my revolt !

How dreadful is this place !

how beautiful is your city !,

Oh how beautiful is the Federale !

结论:可以,特别在文学语言中

 

可以说“why to do”吗?在“WORD(S)”中输入“why to [vvi]”

Conditional knowledge refers to knowing when and why to use declarative and procedural knowledge.

The question before him, he said to himself, was whether and why to get up and where to move to: the living room.

 Students were eager to get started in the field and worried that just learning how to play various instruments would not be enough to help them make the leap from learning about what to teach to actually learning how, when, and why to apply this knowledge in the classroom.

She would favor a " " federal grant to teach Houstonians how and why to vote.

结论:可以

 “best possible education和“best education possible”哪个正确?

 I'm going to fight to make sure that every possibility of them getting the best possible education is actually what happens。

the United States has a vested interest in seeing that they receive the best possible education alongside their American peers.

Every child should have a right to the best possible education that they can get, and the state should provide that.

 

Our children are counting on us to give them the best education possible.

Each pupil must have the best education possible.

We must teach them and provide the best education possible.

 

结论:都对    for more,在“WORD(S)”中输入“best possible *”or “best * possible”

 

"where"可以放在句尾吗?

在“WORD(S)”中输入“where ?”

Who will be sitting where ?

You come down where ?

Somebody got shot where ?

You'll be showing me where ?

 

You know what ?

Can you see what ?

Didn't deliver what ?

 

But fortunate in what way ?

A giant telescope, miles in diameter-built for what purpose ?

The question is what kind ?

 

“a good piece of 名词”和“a piece of good 名词 ”哪个正确?

在“WORD(S)”中分别输入“a [jj*] piece of [nn1]”和“a piece of  [jj*] [nn1]”

 A FOLDED PIECE OF PAPER  A BLANK PIECE OF PAPER  A KEY PIECE OF EVIDENCE

A SMALL PIECE OF LAND   A NEW PIECE OF MUSIC   A NEW PIECE OF EQUIPMENT

A SINGLE PIECE OF WOOD   A SMALL PIECE OF PLASTIC   A LITTLE PIECE OF METAL

 

A PIECE OF WHITE PAPER  A PIECE OF BROKEN GLASS   A PIECE OF GOOD NEWS

 A PIECE OF RAW MEAT   A PIECE OF BAD NEWS   A PIECE OF DRY TOAST  

结论:都可以,“a good piece of 名词”更好一点

 

  找“since”是副词的例句,在“WORD(S)”中输入“since.[rr*]”

Barks and McCullough were married in 1987, and they've since raised two sons, ages 10 and 17.

The brother died, he said, and Twin had not been the same since.

Sorrell, who has since been fired, declined to comment.

 

 'bus after bus"和“achievement after achievement”放句首当作复数吗?

在“WORD(S)”中输入". [nn1] after [nn1]"

Study after study has found lower disease rates in people who eat healthfully.

Page after page was met with smile after smile.

Poll after poll shows a big majority of voters think that the country is seriously off-track.

Speaker after speaker addresses them, arguing against and for, but the soldiers are undecided.

结论:当作单数

 

in no time (立即,马上)放句首用倒装语序吗?

在“WORD(S)”中输入". in no time"

In no time he had his fence back up and his hounds inside.

In no time the dice were out and rearrangements of that pay commenced.

In no time his tough face inherits the look of a child.

In no time it had reached the district capital Citluk.

结论:in no time (立即,马上)放句首不用倒装语序 

 

想找出whether sb be(不管,无论)(虚拟语气)例句,在“WORD(S)”中输入“whether * be”

if the child is removed we go to the court the next court day - whether it be on a Saturday or a Monday through Friday.

 We have tried to target our message to Japanese, whether they be the commercial end users or the industrial users or the consumers.

We've all heard the same thing but when he shows it to you, whether that be in music, whether it be in writing, whether it be in

Whatever form of culture we see is the sharing of meaning, whether this be in science, spirituality, or art.

 let alone( 更不用说)后接do, to do or doing?

 they have no record of the man even being arrested, let alone executed.

It'd be hard to sleep at night, let alone admit to people that, you know, that there are pets being stolen

it's become well nigh impossible to lower any deficits, let alone to balance any budgets.

that awful weight holding her down, hardly ever getting out of bed, let alone sitting up

结论:跟前面的动词形式保持一致

 

 想找出here放句首的倒装例句,在“WORD(S)”中输入“. here [vvz]”或“. here [vvd]”

Here comes the analysis and here come the subset stories

Here goes another one, little lady.

Here lies a problem, one that came up time and again in discussions and interviews

Here came our long-lost Papa, and not one person smiling!

Here stood the center of American power, such as it was.

 Here appeared the Atom, the Molecule, the Crystal, and the Living Cell.

结论: here后面的动词都是表示动作转移的

 

想找出“not until”放句首的例句,在“WORD(S)”中输入“. not until”

 Not until the summer was nearly over did I find them streaming in

Not until now had I dared to be easy with Aaron.

Not until I went and started living some more of my life did I finally reckon it

Not until I reached the far end of the room near the stairs did I see Julian

结论:“not until”放句首,主句倒装

 

想找出" This is the first time I have been here.”和“That was the third time he had fallen in love  that year.”这样的例句, 在“WORD(S)”中输入“[md*] time * have”或““[md*] time * had”

It is the first time I have been questioned upon it.

It is the first time we have seen him well turned out.

That's the third time they have grabbed me.

This was the first time she had volunteered anything.

it was only the third time she had collected evidence

it was probably the first time there had been six or seven labels in the same room in Seattle ever.

结论:time后面的定语从句用完成时

possibe前置定语?后置定语?都可以。

在“WORD(S)”中输入“possible [nn2]”或“[nn2] possibe”

No wonder they feel like they work in the worst of all possible worlds.

There are several possible explanations for this.

They made many doomsday predictions and suggested many possible solutions.

 

You want to stress them at as many points possible

the United States and its allies are trying to convince Iraq in the strongest terms possible that it has no choice

that encourages consumers and businesses to control greenhouse gases in the most efficient ways possible.

 

观察half of后面谓语动词的单复数, ,在“WORD(S)”中输入“ half of [nn2]”或" half of [nn1]"

more than half of Americans believe in angels

half of Americans think the country is on the wrong track

More than half of women who work full time say they still do most of the household chores

More than half of patients are admitted for infectious disease.

up to half of students enrolled are native English speakers who want to learn a second language.

 

The first half of life is designed for the individual to build a strong ego

 The bottom half of Table 3 shows some of the distributional characteristics of the continuous independent variables used

Now that the second half of baseball season is under way

 

 想找出以“ly”结尾的形容词,在“WORD(S)”中输入“*ly.[jj]”

he called for an Arab holy war against interventionists.

 The people here are all friendly to us.

These lovely girls know how to toe the line between East and West.

I can look at myself in the mirror and not see an ugly old lady.

more:deadly,likely,daily,only,weekly,elderly,monthly,silly,lonely......

 

 a set of 后接单数谓语动词,在“WORD(S)”中输入“a set of [nn2] [vvz]”

 A set of tests reveals that batteries with a certain additive last an average of about 1

It holds that a set of rules exists, eternal, divinely ordained, and independent of the will of

how substantial a set of problems appears unclear.

 

data单数?复数? 在“WORD(S)”中输入"data [vv0]"或"data [vvz]"    一般是复数

new federal data show high school students throughout the country are continuing to engage in high-risk behavior

Very limited data suggest that villages at high elevations obtain a larger percentage of livestock feed

Our data indicate that these declines in consumer confidence will start showing up more strongly

These data support the relationship between performance feedback from others and job satisfaction

Some recent data shows that if you can lower that second blood pressure number by even five

 the only data suggests it's in 10 percent.

The quantitative data provides a comprehensive profile of coaching methodology

 

 想找出" a lot of"和" a number of"这样的片语, 在“WORD(S)”中输入"a * of"

A lot of people assume that the animal will be taken care of.

she just gave me a couple of pills and sent me back on the line.

You've represented a number of other defendants in criminal cases.

I would venture that within 10 years a majority of America would be fibered.

 

 想找出" a handful of"和" a bagful of"这样的片语, 在“WORD(S)”中输入"a *ful of"

There's a mouthful of plaque fighters on the market

Within minutes, Ion discovered a roomful of relief supplies, toys and clothing locked away unused in a storage room.

On the other side of the table stood Jen herself, with a fistful of spoons.

 Did you dream? " asks the great-nephew, taking a spoonful of the sweet rice pudding.

  

想找出 “ Had I known, I would have said”这样的倒装句,在“WORD(S)”中输入“. had * [vvn]”

Had I known I was gay, Larry, I would not have joined the FBI。

Had he taken his own advice, he would have served out his term.

Had I seen that, that would have been okay.

 

想找出和depend on搭配的副词, 在“WORD(S)”中输入“depend [rr] on”

The security of your. job will depend heavily on where you live and the industry in which you work.

The ability of democracies to deal with such threats will depend heavily on the media.

Iraq's conventional forces depend heavily on foreign parts and technical assistance.

Whether they approve it or not will depend largely on whose vision of tomorrow they believe.

That will depend largely on how much higher oil prices go。

But I suspect your enjoyment will depend largely on your ability to keep its passing details foremost in your mind.

 

 想找出get Ved 型被动语态, 在“WORD(S)”中输入"get [vvg] ", "got [vvn]", “gets [vvn]”或"getting [vvn]"

I mean they get paid for fair enough.

got hit in the back with a hand grenade.

He hardly gets caught up Are you a friend?

They don't care about the family man getting shot.

 

想找出类似talk sb into doing说服了...做...,  在“WORD(S)”中输入"[vvi] * into [vvg]"或"[vvd] * into [vvg]"

Don't let me fool you into thinking that all the third category bureau are bad.

What are you trying to bully me into saying , Luke?

 This is not simply to force people into speaking blank verse.

 Bill Clinton pressured him into making a questionable loan.

As she watched him eat, he coaxed her into talking about herself, about work, about city life.

 he somewhat deceived himself into thinking that he was some kind of a new emperor

 

想找出suggestion that sb be, 在“WORD(S)”中输入"suggestion that * be"

He had refused his dentist's suggestion that it be filled in.

Gaddafi had asked each municipality to present budget requests, with the suggestion that they be raised by no more than 10% over the last submissions.

 

mean to do想要做, 在“WORD(S)”中输入"mean to [vvi]"

You mean to say the Europeans actually want higher food prices?

You don't mean to tell me that it's only a matter of size, do you?

mean doing意味着做  在“WORD(S)”中输入"mean [vvg]"

He did not mean taking the 1990 census and taking it down the decimal point.

That did not mean going from one set of ministerial bosses to another, he assured.

 

想找出形容词最高级  在“WORD(S)”中输入"[jjt]"

 

想找出"suggest doing", 在“WORD(S)”中输入"suggest [vvg]"

Experts suggest using aromatic menthol products like rubs or cough drops.

How do you suppose America would react if we were to suggest taking fill dirt from the Arlington National Cemetery?

 

 想找出"there be"   在“WORD(S)”中输入“ [ex*]”

There's potential for danger and bizarre behavior.

I saw the bodies there and there was nobody else there.

The medical examiner never testified that, in fact, there had been a rape.

 

but(除...之外)后接 to do, do  or doing?

1. 一般接 to do      在“WORD(S)”中输入“but to [vvi]”

The Israeli soldiers are shooting on these civilians who need nothing but to get their freedom.

I guess I have no choice now but to make good on those notes.

Children have no choice but to go to school.

2. 前面谓语动词是do时, 后接do   在“WORD(S)”中输入“but  [vvi]”

That man did nothing but sit all these years.

John and Axie were standing below, unable to do anything but watch.

It didn't do nothing but make me mad.

3. 前面有动词do,但do不是谓语, 后接 to do或do都可以   在“WORD(S)”中输入“to do but ”

There was nothing else to do but raise his hands and mutter the name of the agony.

After that, there was nothing left to do but go to the beach.

That left them with nothing to do but to wait for the cargo ship to land.

 

 

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